1976 Libertarian Party Platform
- 1 Statement of Principles
- 2 Individual Rights and Civil Order
- 2.1 1. CRIME
- 2.2 2. VICTIMLESS CRIME
- 2.3 3. DUE PROCESS FOR THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED
- 2.4 4. JUSTICE FOR THE VICTIM
- 2.5 5. GOVERNMENT AND â€œMENTAL HEALTHâ€
- 2.6 6. FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND THE PRESS
- 2.7 7. GOVERNMENT SECRECY
- 2.8 8. FREEDOM OF RELIGION
- 2.9 9. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY
- 2.10 10. INTERNAL SECURITY AND CIVIL LIBERTIES
- 2.11 11. THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS
- 2.12 12. AMNESTY AND THE MILITARY
- 2.13 13. PROPERTY RIGHTS
- 2.14 14. UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
- 2.15 15. DISCRIMINATION
- 3 Trade and the Economy
- 4 Domestic Ills
- 5 Foreign Policy
- 6 Omissions
- 7 Notes about this entry
Statement of Principles
We, the members of the Libertarian Party, challenge the cult of the omnipotent state and defend the rights of the individual.
We hold that all individuals have the right to exercise sole dominion over their own lives, and have the right to live in whatever manner they choose, so long as they do not forcibly interfere with the equal right of others to live in whatever manner they choose.
Governments throughout history have regularly operated on the opposite principle, that the State has the right to dispose of the lives of individuals and the fruits of their labor. Even within the United States, all political parties other than our own grant to government the right to regulate the lives of individuals and seize the fruits of their labor without their consent.
We, on the contrary, deny the right of any government to do these things, and hold that where governments exist, they must not violate the rights of any individual: namely, (1) the right to lifeâ€”accordingly we support prohibition of the initiation of physical force against others; (2) the right to liberty of speech and actionâ€”accordingly we oppose all attempts by government to abridge the freedom of speech and press, as well as government censorship in any form; and (3) the right to prop- ertyâ€”accordingly we oppose all government interference with private property, such as conï¬scation, nationalization, and eminent domain, and support the prohibition of robbery, trespass, fraud, and mis- representation.
Since governments, when instituted, must not violate individual rights, we oppose all interference by government in the areas of voluntary and contractual relations among individuals. People should not be forced to sacriï¬ce their lives and property for the beneï¬t of others. They should be left free by government to deal with one another as free traders; and the resultant economic system, the only one compatible with the protection of individual rights, is the free market.
Individual Rights and Civil Order
No conï¬‚ict exists between civil order and individual rights. Both concepts are based on the same fundamental principle: that no indi- vidual, group, or government may initiate force against any other indi- vidual, group, or government.
A massive increase in violent crime threatens the lives, happiness, and belongings of Americans. At the same time, governmental viola- tions of rights undermine the peopleâ€™s sense of justice with regard to crime. Impartial and consistent law enforcement protecting individual rights is the appropriate way to suppress crime.
2. VICTIMLESS CRIME
We hold that only actions which infringe the rights of others can prop- erly be termed crimes. We favor the repeal of all federal, state, and local laws creating â€œcrimesâ€ without victims. In particular, we advocate:
a. The repeal of all laws prohibiting the cultivation, sale, possession, or use of drugs, and all medical prescription requirements for the pur- chase of drugs, vitamins, and similar substances.
b. The repeal of all laws regarding consensual sexual relations, in- cluding prostitution and solicitation, and the cessation of state oppression and harrassment of homosexual men and women, that they, at last, be accorded their full rights as individuals.
c. The repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting gambling.
d. The repeal of all laws interfering with the right to commit suicide as infringements of the ultimate right of an individual to his or her own life.
e. The use of executive pardon to free all those presently incarcerated for the commission of these â€œcrimesâ€.
3. DUE PROCESS FOR THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED
Until such time as persons are proved guilty of crimes, they should be accorded full respect for their individual rights. We are thus opposed to reduction of present safeguards of the rights of the criminally accused.
Speciï¬cally, we are opposed to preventive detention, soâ€”called â€œno- knock lawsâ€, and all other measures which threaten individual rights.
We advocate the repeal of all laws establishing any category of crime applicable to minors for which adults would not be similarly answer- able, and an end to the practice in many states of jailing children accused of no crime.
We support full restitution for all loss suffered by persons arrested, indicted, tried, imprisoned, or otherwise injured in the course of crim- inal proceedings against them which do not result in their conviction. Law enforcement agencies should be liable for this restitution unless malfeasance of the oï¬‚icials involved is proven, in which case they should be personally liable.
4. JUSTICE FOR THE VICTIM
The purpose of any system of courts is to provide justice. The present system of criminal law is based on punishment with little concern for the victim. We support restitution for the victim to the fullest degree possible at the expense of the criminal or the negligent wrongdoer.
We accordingly oppose all â€œno-faultâ€ insurance laws which deprive the victim of the right to recover from the guilty in negligence cases.
5. GOVERNMENT AND â€œMENTAL HEALTHâ€
We oppose the involuntary commitment of any person to a mental institution. To incarcerate an individual not convicted of any crime, but merely asserted to be incompetent, is a violation of the individualâ€™s rights. We further advocate:
a. The repeal of all laws permitting involuntary psychiatric treatment of any persons, including children, and those incarcerated in prisons or mental institutions.
b. An immediate end to the spending of tax money for any program of psychiatric or psychological research or treatment.
c. An end to all involuntary treatments of prisoners in such areas as psycho-surgery, drug therapy, and aversion therapy.
d. An end of tax-supported â€œmental healthâ€ propaganda campaigns and community â€œmental healthâ€ centers and programs.
6. FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND THE PRESS
We oppose all forms of government censorship, including anti- pornography laws, whatever the medium involved. Events have dem- onstrated that the already precarious First Amendment rights of the broadcast industry are becoming still more precarious. Regulation of broadcasting, including the â€œfairness doctrineâ€ and â€œequal-timeâ€ pro- visions, can no longer be tolerated. We support legislation to repeal the Federal Communications Act, and to provide for private ownership of broadcasting rights-, thus giving broadcasting First Amendment parity with other communications media. Government ownership or subsidy of broadcast band radio and television stations and networksâ€”in par- ticular, the tax funding of the Corporation for Public Broadcastingâ€” must end. We oppose government restriction of the expansion of â€œpay TVâ€ and cable broadcasting facilities.
7. GOVERNMENT SECRECY
We condemn the governmentâ€™s use of secret classiï¬cations to keep from the public information which it should have. We favor substituting a system in which no individual may be convicted for violating govern- ment secrecy classiï¬cations unless the govemment discharges its bur- den of proving that the publication:
a. Violated the right of privacy of those who have been coerced into revealing conï¬dential or proprietary information to government agents, or
b. Disclosed defensive military plans so as to materially impair the capability to respond to invasion.
It should always be a defense to such prosecution that information divulged shows that the government has violated the law.
8. FREEDOM OF RELIGION
We defend the rights of individuals to engage in any religious activ- ities which do not violate the rights of others. In order to defend religious freedom, we advocate a strict separation of church and state. We oppose govemment actions which either aid or attack any religion. We oppose taxation of church property for the same reason that we oppose all taxation.
9. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY
The individualâ€™s privacy, property, and right to speak or not to speak should not be infringed by the govemment. The government should not use electronic or other means of covert surveillance of an individualâ€™s actions on private property without the consent of the owner or occupant. Correspondence, bank and other ï¬nancial transac- tions and records, doctorsâ€™ and lawyersâ€™ communications, employment records, and the like, should not be open to review by government with- out the consent of all parties involved in those actions. So long as the National Census and all federal, state, and other government agency compilations of data on an individual continue to exist they should be conducted only with the consent of the persons from whom the data are sought
10. INTERNAL SECURITY AND CIVIL LIBERTIES
We call for the abolition of all federal secret police agencies. In par- ticular, we seek the abolition of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and we call for a return to the American tradition of local law enforcement. We support Congressional investigations of criminal activities of the CIA and of wrongdoing by other government agencies.
We support the abolition of the subpoena power as used by Congres- sional committees against individuals or ï¬rms. We hail the abolition of the House Internal Security Committee and call for the destruction of its ï¬les on private individuals and groups. We also call for the aboli- tion of the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security.
11. THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS
Maintaining our belief in the inviolability of the right to keep and bear arms, we oppose all laws at any level of government requiring reg- istration of, or restricting, the ownership, manufacture, or transfer or sale of ï¬rearms or ammunition. We also oppose any government efforts to ban or restrict the use of tear gas, â€œmaceâ€, or other non-ï¬rearm pro- tective devices.
We support the efforts of certain members of Congress to repeal the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968 and to prevent federal agencies from banning or regulating the ownership, manufacture, or transfer or sale of ï¬rearms or ammunition and urge passage of their bills for those purposes.
We favor the repeal of laws banning the concealment of weapons or prohibiting pocket weapons. We also oppose the banning of inexpensive handguns (â€œSaturday night specialsâ€).
12. AMNESTY AND THE MILITARY
We support the immediate and unconditional exoneration of all who have been accused or convicted of draft evasion, desertion from the military, and other acts of resistance to such transgressions as imperial- istic wars and aggressive acts of the military. Members of the military should have the same right to quit their jobs as other persons, but will be liable for whatever consequences they contracted for when they en- listed. We call for the end of the Defense Department practice of dis- charging armed forces personnel for homosexual conduct when such conduct does not interfere with their assigned duties. We further call for retraction of all less-thanâ€”honorable discharges previously assigned for such reasons and deletion of such information from military person- nel files. We oppose the draft (Selective Service), believing that the use of force to require individuals to serve in the armed forces or any- where else is a violation of their rights. We recommend repeal of the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the recognition and equal pro- tection of the rights of all members of the armed forces in order to pro- mote thereby the morale, dignity, and sense of justice within the military.
13. PROPERTY RIGHTS
There is no conï¬‚ict between property rights and human rights. In- deed, property rights are the rights of humans with respect to property and, as such, are entitled to the same respect and protection as all other individual rights.
We further hold that the owners of property have the full right to control, use, dispose of, or in any manner enjoy their property with- out interference, until and unless the exercise of their control infringes the valid rights of others.
Where property, including land, has been taken from its rightful owners by government or private action in violation of individual rights, we favor restitution to the rightful owners.
14. UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
We support the right of free persons to voluntarily establish, or as- sociate in, labor unions. An employer should have the right to recog- nize, or refuse to recognize, a union as the collective bargaining agent of some or all of his or her employees. Therefore we oppose â€œRight to Workâ€ laws as they prohibit employers from making voluntary con- tracts with unions.
Unions should have the right to organize secondary boycotts if they so choose. I
We oppose government interference in bargaining, such as compulsory arbitration or imposing an obligation to bargain.
We urge repeal of the National Labor Relations Act, which infringes upon individual rights by restricting voluntary labor negotiations.
No individual rights should be denied or abridged by the laws of the United States or any state or locality on account of sex, race, color, creed, age, national origin, or sexual preference. We condemn bigotry as irrational and repugnant.
Nonetheless, we oppose any governmental attempts to regulate pri- vate discrimination, including discrimination in employment, housing, and privately owned so-called â€œpublicâ€ accommodations. The right to trade includes the right not to tradeâ€”for any reasons whatever.
Trade and the Economy
Because each person has the right to offer goods and services to others on the free market, and because government interference can only harm such free activity, we oppose all intervention by government into the area of economics. The only proper role of existing governments in the economic realm is to protect property rights, adjudicate disputes, and provide a legal framework in which voluntary trade is protected. All ef- forts by government to redistribute wealth, or to control or manage trade, are improper in a free society.
We call for the repeal of all legal tender laws and reaï¬‚irm the right to private ownership of, and contracts for, gold. We favor the abolition of government ï¬at money and compulsory governmental units of ac- count. We favor the use of a free market commodity standard, such as gold coin denominated by units of weight.
2. THE ECONOMY
Government intervention in the economy imperils both the personal freedom and the material prosperity of every American. We therefore support the following speciï¬c immediate reforms:
a.) drastic reduction of both taxes and government spending;
b.) an end to deï¬cit budgets;
c.) a halt to inï¬‚ationary monetary policies, and elimination of the Federal Reserve System;
d.) the removal of all govemmental impediments to free tradeâ€”in- cluding the repeal of all transportation regulations, all â€œanti-trustâ€ laws, such as the Robinson-Patman Act which restricts price discounts, and the abolition of farm subsidies, as the most pressing and critical impediments; and
e.) the repeal of all controls on wages, prices, rents, proï¬ts, produc- tion, and interest rates.
In order to achieve a free economy in which government victimizes no one for the beneï¬t of anyone else, we oppose all government subsidies to business, labor, education, agriculture, science, broadcasting, the arts, and any other special interest. Relief or exemption from involuntary taxation should not be considered a subsidy. We oppose any resumption of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, or any similar plan which would force the taxpayer to subsidize and sustain uneconomic business enterprises.
4. TARIFFS AND QUOTAS
Like subsidies, tariffs and quotas serve only to give special treatment to favored interests and to diminish the welfare of other individuals. These measures also reduce the scope of contacts and understanding among different peoples. We therefore support abolition of all tariffs and quotas as well as the Tariff Commission and the Customs Court.
5. POSTAL SERVICE
We propose the abolition of the governmental Postal Service. The present system, in addition to being ineï¬‚icient, encourages governmental surveillance of private correspondence. Pending abolition, we call for an end to the monopoly system and for allowing free private competition in all aspects of postal service.
Since we believe that all persons are entitled to keep the fruits of their labor, we oppose all government activity which consists of the forcible collection of money or goods from individuals in violation of their indi- vidual rights. Speciï¬cally, we:
a.) recognize the right of any individual to challenge the payment of taxes on moral, legal, and constitutional grounds;
b.) oppose all personal and corporate income taxation, including capi- tal gains taxes;
c.) support repeal of the Sixteenth Amendment, and oppose any in- crease in existing tax rates and the imposition of any new taxes;
d.) support the eventual repeal of all taxation; and
e.) support a declaration of unconditional amnesty for all those who have been convicted of, or who now stand accused of tax resistance.
We oppose as involuntary servitude any legal requirements forcing employers or business owners to serve as tax collectors for federal, state, or local tax agencies.
We oppose all government control of energy pricing, allocation, and production, such as that imposed by the Federal Power Commission, the Federal Energy Administration, state public utility commissions, and state pro-rationing agencies. Thus, we advocate decontrol of the prices of oil, petroleum products, and natural gas. We oppose all government subsidies for energy research, development, and operation. We favor repeal of the Price-Anderson Act through which the government limits liability for nuclear accidents. We favor privatization of the atomic energy industry.
We oppose all attempts to compel â€œnational self-sufï¬ciencyâ€ in oil or any other energy source, including any attempts to raise oil tariffs, revive oil import quotas, or to place a ï¬‚oor under world oil prices. We favor the creation of a free market in oil by repeal of all state pro-ration laws, which impose compulsory quotas reducing the production of oil. We call upon the government to tum over the public domain of land resources to private ownership, including the opening up of coal ï¬elds, the naval oil resources, offshore oil drilling, shale oil deposits, and geothermal sources.
Current problems in such areas as crime, pollution, health care deliv- ery, decaying cities, and poverty are not solved, but are primarily caused, by govemment. The welfare state, supposedly designed to aid the poor, is in reality a growing and parasitic burden on all productive people, and injures, rather than beneï¬ts, the poor themselves.
We support the development of an objective system deï¬ning individual property rights to air and water. We hold that ambiguities in the area of these rights (e.g., the concept of â€œpublic propertyâ€) are a primary cause of our deteriorating environment. Present legal principles which allow the violation of individual rights by polluters must be reversed. The laws of nuisance and negligence should be modiï¬ed to cover damages done by air, water, and noise pollution. While we maintain that no one has the right to violate the legitimate property rights of others by pollut- ing, we strenuously oppose all attempts to transform the defense of such rights into any restriction of the efforts of individuals to advance tech- nology, to expand production, or to use their property peacefully. We therefore support the abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency.
2. CONSUMER PROTECTION
ices. We speciï¬cally oppose laws requiring an individual to buy or use so-called â€œself-protectionâ€ equipment such as safety belts, air bags, or crash helmets. Likewise we advocate the immediate repeal of the feder- ally imposed 55 mile-per-hour speed limit. We advocate the abolition of the-Food and Drug Administration. We advocate an end to com- pulsory ï¬‚uoridation of water supplies. We speciï¬cally oppose govern- ment regulation of the price, potency, or quantity able to be produced or purchased of drugs or other consumer goods. There should be no laws regarding what substances (nicotine, alcohol, hallucinogens, nar- cotics, vitamin supplements, or other â€œdrugsâ€) a person may ingest or otherwise use.
We support the repeal of all compulsory education laws, and an end to government operation, regulation, and subsidy of schools and colleges. We call for an immedate end to compulsory busing.
As an interim measure to encourage the growth of private schools and variety in education, we support both a tax-credit system and a steady reduction of tax support for schools. We support the repeal of all taxes on the income or property of private schools, whether they are proï¬t or non-proï¬t. We further support immediate relief from the burden of school taxes for those not responsible for the education of children.
5. POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT
We support repeal of all laws which impede the ability of any person to ï¬nd employmentâ€”including, but not limited to, minimum wage laws, soâ€”called â€œprotectiveâ€ labor legislation for women and children, govern- mental restrictions on the establishment of private dayâ€”care centers, the National Labor Relations Act, and licensing requirements. We oppose all government welfare, relief projects, and â€œaid to the poorâ€ programs. All aid for the poor should come from private sources.
6. MEDICAL CARE
We support the right of individuals to contract freely with practi- tioners of their choice, whether licensed by the govemment or not, for all medical services. We oppose any compulsory insurance or tax-sup- ported plan to provide health services. We favor the abolition of Medi- care and Medicaid programs. We further oppose governmental infringe- ment on the doctor-patient relationship through regulatory agencies such as the Professional Standards Review Organization. We oppose any state or federal area planning boards whose stated purpose is to consolidate medical services or avoid their duplication. We oppose laws limiting the liability of doctors for negligence, and those regulating the supply of legal aid on a contingency fee basis. We oppose laws which invalidate settlements of malpractice suits through the use of private arbitration services. We also favor the deregulation of the medical insurance indus- try.
We call for the repeal of laws compelling individuals to submit to medical treatment, testing, or to the administration of drugs or other substances.
7. LAND USE
The role of planning is properly the responsibility and right of the owners of the land. We therefore urge an end to governmental control of land use through such methods as urban renewal, zoning laws, build- ing codes, eminent domain, regional planning, or purchase of develop- ment rights with tax money, which not only violate property rights, but discriminate against minorities and tend to cause higher rents and hous- ing shortages. We are further opposed to the use of tax funds for the ac- quisition or maintenance of land or other real property. We recognize the legitimacy of private, voluntary land use covenants.
8. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)
We call for the repeal of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. This law denies the right to liberty and property to both employer and em- ployee, and it interferes in their private contractual relations. It denies to employers their proper rights to immunity from search and seizure, due process of law, jury trial in a court of law, and confrontation of witness.
9. SOCIAL SECURITY
We favor the repeal of the fraudulent, virtually bankrupt, and increas- ingly oppressive Social Security system. Pending that repeal, participa- tion in Social Security should be made voluntary. Victims of the Social Security tax should have a claim against government property.
10. CIVIL SERVICE
We call for the abolition of the Civil Service system, which entrenches a permanent and growing bureaucracy upon the land. We recognize that the Civil Service is inherently a system of concealed patronage. We therefore recommend return to the J effersonian principle of rotation in oï¬‚ï¬ce.
11. CAMPAIGN FINANCE LAWS
We urge the repeal of federal campaign ï¬nance laws, which repress the voluntary support of candidates and parties, compel taxpayers to subsidize politicians and political views they do not wish to support, and entrench the two major political parties. We also call for repeal of restrictive state laws that effectively prevent new parties and independent candidates from being on the ballot.
We support recognition of the right to political secession. Exercise of this right. like the exercise of all other rights, does not remove legal and moral obligations not to violate the rights of others.
We support an end to all subsidies for child-bearing built into our present laws, including all welfare plans and the provision of tax- supported services for children. We further support the repeal of all laws restricting voluntary birth control or the right of the woman to make a personal moral choice regarding the termination of pregnancy. We call for the elimination of special tax burdens of single people and couples with few or no children. We shall oppose all coercive measures to control population growth.
The principle of non-initiation of force should guide the relationships between governments. We should return to the historic libertarian tradi- tion of avoiding entangling alliances, abstaining totally from foreign quarrels and imperialist adventures, and recognizing the right to unre- stricted travel and immigration.
1. FOREIGN AID
We support the elimination of tax-supported military, economic, tech- nical, and scientiï¬c aid to foreign governments. We further support abolition of the federal Export-Import Bank, which presently makes American taxpayers guarantors of loans to foreign governments.
We call for the repeal of all prohibitions on individuals or ï¬rms con- tributing or selling goods and services to any foreign country or organi- zation.
2. LAW OF THE SEA
We oppose recognition of claims by ï¬at, by nations or international bodies, of ocean property such as: (1) transportation lanes, (2) oyster beds, (3) mineral rights, and (4) ï¬shing rights. We urge the development of objective standards for recognizing claims of private ownership in such property.
3. INTERNATIONAL MONEY
We favor the withdrawal of the United States from all international paper money and other inï¬‚ationary credit schemes. We favor withdrawal from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
1. MILITARY POLICY
We recognze the necessity for maintaining a sufï¬cient military force to defend the United States against aggression. We should reduce the overall cost and size of our total governmental defense establishment.
We call for the withdrawal of all American troops from bases abroad.
We call for withdrawal from multilateral and bilateral commitments to military intervention (such as to NATO and to South Korea) and for abandonment of interventionist doctrines (such as the Monroe Doc- trine).
Being opposed to the perils of both nuclear mass destruction and foreign aggression, we favor international negotiations toward nuclear disarmament provided all possible precautions are taken to effectively protect the lives and rights of the American people.
2. PRESIDENTIAL WAR POWERS
We call for reform of the Presidential War Powers Act to end the Presidentâ€™s power to initiate military action, and for the abrogation of all Presidential declarations of â€œstates of emergencyâ€. There must be no further secret commitments and unilateral acts of military intervention by the Executive Branch.
The important principle in foreign policy should be the elimination of intervention by the United States government in the affairs of other nations. We would negotiate with any foreign government without neces- sarily conceding moral legitimacy to that government. We favor a drastic reduction in cost and size of our total diplomatic establishment. In addi- tion, we favor the repeal of the Logan Act, which prohibits private American citizens from engaging in diplomatic negotiations with foreign governments.
2. THE UNITED NATIONS
We support immediate withdrawal of the United States from the United Nations. We also call for the United Nations to withdraw itself from the United States. We oppose any treaty that the United States may enter into or any existing treaty under which individual rights would be violated.
3. THE MIDDLE EAST
We call upon the United States government to cease all interventions in the Middle East, including military and economic aid, guarantees, and diplomatic meddling, and to cease its prohibition of private foreign aid, both military and economic.
4. COLONIAL INDEPENDENCE
The United States should grant immediate independence to its colonial dependencies, including Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.
Our silence about any other particular government law, regulation, ordinance, directive, edict, control, regulatory agency, activity, or mach- ination should not be construed to imply approval.
Notes about this entry
Source document: http://www.outrightusa.org/gallery/index.php/museum/platform1976
OCR scanned by Ken Moellman on 5/31/2015
Entered and corrected by Ken Moellman on 5/31/2015
1974 Libertarian Party Platform
|1976 Libertarian Party Platform
1978 Libertarian Party Platform